Chhath Puja Celebrations 2021
Chhath puja is one of the most awaited festivals in Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Jharkhand, and in many other parts of India.
Chhath puja is a festival that is dedicated to the worship of God Suryadev(Sun God). Devotees Offer Arghya to Surya dev on the Last Day of The Festival. It is also considered as Mahaparva.
When is Chhath Puja 2021 (कब है छठपूजा 2021)
Chhath Puja Celebrations 2021 is on Wednesday, November 10, in India. Shashthi Tithi begins at 10:35 on November 9, 2021, and ends at 8:25 on November 10, 2021
The word Chhath refers to the sixth day of the lunar fortnight of the Kartik month (on the Shashti Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month).
Chhath puja is, therefore, celebrated six days after Diwali.
Sun is considered to be bestowing the bounties of life and energy on earth. He is worshipped for curing all diseases and promoting the longevity of all human life.
In Chhath Vrat, along with Surya we also worshipped the Chhathi Maiya (Sister of Surya) and they asked to be the groom to protect their children.
History of Chhath Puja
It is believed that this festival is started from the Dwapara Yuga i.e Ramayana period. The fast (Chhath Vrat) was performed by the Draupadi the wife of the Pandavas, during their years in exile. To solve her problems and helped the Pandavas regain their kingdom in gambling.
It is beliefs that Chhath puja vrat katha is associated with king Priyavrat and his wife Malini.
Chhath Puja Vrat Katha
According to Indian mythology, a king named Priyavrat has no child.
One day, in a desire to have the children, he performed a Sonishti Yajna by Maharishi Kashyap. As a result of this yajna, the queen becomes pregnant. But in spit of happiness to come in their life – after nine-month, the queen received a dead son.
Priyavrat felt very bad and decided to commit suicide. But when the Priyavrat tried to do that Goddess Shashti Dev appeared before him.
Goddess Shashti Dev told the king, I give people the good fortune of the son, complete all the desires of the person who worships me with the true sentiment. If you worship me, I will give you the son’s jewel. Impressed by the words of the goddess, the king obeyed her.
On the day of Kartik Shukla, king Priyavrat and his wife Malini worshipped Chhathi Maiya. As a result of this worship, Malini is blessed with a beautiful son.
From then onward this holy festival is celebrated in the Northern part of India.
The four-day long festivities ( ‘Nahay Khay’, ‘Kharna’, ‘Shaam Ki Arghya’, and ‘Paran’) commenced on 18 November 2020 and is concludes on 21 November 2020.
Chhath Puja 2021 (छठ पूजा 2021)
Chhath Puja Day 1: Nahay-Khay: Wednesday,
Chhath Puja Day 2: Lohanda and Kharna –
Chhath Puja Day 3: Sandhya Arghya –
Chhath Puja Day 4: Usha Argh and Paran –
Chhath Puja Day 1: Nahay-Khay
The first day is called “Nahai Khay” which means to bath and eat. The chatti (vrati women) clean all the fruites and granins and and dry it in the sunlight. After the women take bath takes the satvik food with his familes member.
Kaddu Bhaat along with Channa dal is a common preparation on this day and it is cooked by using mud and wood/Goitha (a dry cowdung) over a mud chula(stove). After worship, all the observers are eaten only once on a day. Vrati starts in the mid noon after noon food. The waterless-fast which is broken only the next day evening while observing ‘Kharna’ the second day of Chhath Puja.
Chhath Puja Day 2: Lohanda and Kharna
On the second day also know as “Kharna”, devotees observe a fast the starting purifying their body and mind. In the evening, they offer puja to Surya after which they end their fast.
They offer Sugarcane Juice or Jaggery Rice or Jaggery Kheer, Puris, and Fruits in the puja.
The third day is marked by elaborate evening prayers Chhath Puja Rituals called the Sandhya Arghya. In Sandhya Arghya, devotees take a dip in the river or a Pokhara (self-made small pool), etc.
And worship the Surya Dev and Chhathi Maiya for there family well being and prosperity in there life. Songs of Chhathi Maiya also sung by folks(Mainly by Women).
Kelawa jey farela ghawad sey… oh par sooga mandaraaye
Paisee jagawe suruj mal ke amma
Hey uditanaatha…ho gelo bihaan…
Roonki jhunki beti maangila padhala pandita damaad hey Chhathi maiya…..
Bhaiya mora jaayela mahanga moonger…..
Saama khele chalaali… bhouji sang saheli ho…..
Kaachi kaachi baans ke bahangiya…bahangi lachkat jaye
Chhath Puja Day 4: Suryodaya/Usha Argh and Paran
The fourth day/last day is considered to be the most auspicious day of the Chhath puja.
As devotees gather around the riverbank/ghats before the sunrise and offer prayers to the morning sun in the “Bihaniya Arghya” “Bhorwa Arghya” (morning offerings).
Chhathi Maiya Prasad(Thekua) is shared with neighbors and relatives after reaching home. Marks the end of Paran.
In this way this Four day of chhath Puja #ChhathPujaCelebrations is celebrated.
India is home to famous sun temples which are venues for the most devoted and sensational Chhath puja celebrations.
Famous Sun Temples in India That You Must Visit
Konark Sun Temple is one of India’s most popular temples which builts in the 13 century on the coastline of Odisha, India. This temple Follows the traditional Style of Kalinga architecture.
Sun Temple, Ranchi
The Surya Temple or Surya Mandir is a hindu temple located in Bundu at the top of the hill. This temple is constructed in the form of huge chariot with eighteen wheels and seven naturalistic hourses. Surya Mandir of ranchi aslo has a pond where devotees can perform the chhath Puja and worship Surya Dev.
Sun Temple, Gwalior
Sun temple in the Gwalior is one of the beautiful architectural wonders with red sandstone and pearly white marble. Constructed in the year 1988 by the G.D.Birla.
Sun Temple, Gaya
Dakshinaarka Temple In Gaya, Bihar is an ancient shrine to the surya Dev.
The Sun temple is an ancient structure in Gaya Offerings to the ancestors that are made at the Surya Kunda or the Dakshina Maanas tank in front of the temple.It is said that this temple is built by the South Indian emperor Prataparudra of Warangal.
There are many more Sun temple like Sun Temple-Modhera, Sun Temple, Katarmal where you can witness the chhath puja 2020 in its all glory.
I hope you’ll come to know the importance of Chhath puja and History of Chhath Puja.